McDonnell-Douglas MD-80 Series


The McDonnell Douglas MD-80 is a series of twin-engine, short- to medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airliners. The engines are mounted on the rear of the fuselage of the "T-Tail" aircraft.

It was lengthened and updated from the Douglas DC-9. This series can seat from 130 to 172 passengers depending on variant and seating configuration.

Known early as the "DC-9 Series 80"  or the "DC-9 Super 80", it would ultimately include the:

  • MD-81
  • MD-82 - similar to the MD-82 but with more powerful engines
  • MD-83 - longer range version of the MD-82/83 with stronger engines and more fuel capacity
  • MD-87 - shortened variant (by about 17 feet)
  • MD-88 - similar to the MD-82/83 with various technical improvements

The MD-81, MD-82, MD-83, and MD-88 all have the same fuselage length of 147' 8" (45m).

All models include two exit doors over the wing.

All models have forward cabin doors on both sides of the fuselage. All models, except the MD-87, have an additional door on the right, aft side of the fuselage in front of the engine. See spotting chart below showing a side-by-side comparison of a MD-83 and a MD-87.

Photo comparison of the McDonnell-Douglas MD-81, MD-82, MD-83, MD-87 and MD-88 airliners

 

A total of 1,191 of the MD-80 series were produced.

Later introductions were the MD-90 and MD-95/Boeing 717.

McDonnell-Douglas MD-Series Model Comparisons

Photo comparison of the McDonnell-Douglas MD-81, MD-82, MD-83, MD-87 and MD-88 airliners

 

DC-9 and MD Series Comparisons

The DC-9 series features a "pointed" tail cone, while the MD-80 series aircraft have what appears to be a "flat" tail cone.
The DC-9 series features a "pointed" tail cone, while the MD-80 series aircraft have what appears to be a "flat" tail cone.


MD-90: A Follow-Up to the MD-80 Series

Shown below is a McDonnell-Douglas MD-90-30 of British Jet, 5 feet longer than the MD-88. A total of 116 MD-90 airliners were built.
Shown below is a McDonnell-Douglas MD-90-30 of British Jet, 5 feet longer than the MD-88. A total of 116 MD-90 airliners were built.