McDonnell-Douglas MD-80 Series
The McDonnell Douglas MD-80 is a series of twin-engine, short- to medium-range, single-aisle
American Airlines Announces Schedule of Final MD-80 Revenue Flights
commercial jet airliners. The engines are mounted on the rear of the fuselage of the "T-Tail" aircraft.
It was lengthened and updated from the Douglas DC-9. This series can seat from 130 to 172 passengers depending on variant and seating configuration.
The MD-80 Series later evolved into the MD-90, and the Boeing 717.
McDonnell-Douglas MD-80 Series Models
Known early as the "DC-9 Series 80" or the "DC-9 Super 80", it would ultimately include the:
- MD-81 - originally named the DC-9 Super 81, and DC-9-81
- MD-82 - similar to the MD-81 but with more powerful engines
- MD-83 - longer range version of the MD-81/82 with stronger engines and more fuel capacity
- MD-87 - shortened variant (by about 17 feet)
- MD-88 - similar to the MD-82/83 with various technical and cockpit electronics improvements
The MD-81, MD-82, MD-83, and MD-88 all have the same fuselage length of 147' 8" (45m), as seen in the table below comparing the lengths of the MD series.
|MD-95 / B717-200||124' 0"|
All models include two exit doors over the wing.
All models have forward cabin doors on both sides of the fuselage. All models, except the MD-87, have an additional door on the right, aft side of the fuselage in front of the engine.
See spotting chart below showing a side-by-side comparison of a MD-83 and a MD-87.
A total of 1,191 of the MD-80 series were produced.
Later introductions were the MD-90 and MD-95/Boeing 717.
McDonnell-Douglas MD-80 Series Model Comparisons
|One of the last MD-83s in service with American Airlines, on final approach at the DFW International Airport in Texas (Staff Phoro, June 16, 2019)|
MD-90: A Follow-Up to the MD-80 Series
Shown below is a McDonnell-Douglas MD-90-30 of British Jet, 5 feet longer than the MD-88. A total of 116 MD-90 airliners were built. The engines of the MD-90 are larger than the thinner engines found on the MD-80 series.
DC-9, MD-80 Series, MD-90 and Boeing 717 Spotting Guide
|The DC-9 series features a "pointed" tail cone, while the MD-80 series aircraft have what appears to be a "flat" tail cone. The MD-90 has larger engines than the MD-80 Series. The Boeing 717 has engines which are longer in length than the MD-90.|